The roles roof cover boards play within the airport roof build-up

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The roles roof cover boards play within the roof build-up of airport terminals, hangars and other airport infrastructure

From additional acoustic performance to increased fire resistance, roof cover boards offer an array of benefits for any mission critical commercial roofing project.

Roof cover boards are rigid substrates manufactured from various materials. They are traditionally installed between the insulation and the waterproofing membrane layer of a flat roof system as cover boards. When used as roof boards, they are mechanically fixed or adhered directly to the roof deck. The type of cover board used should reflect the project specifics and will fall in following categories :

How can roof cover boards improve airport roof acoustic performance?

Management of acoustic performance is critical for passenger and airport personnel comfort. The clarity of any communication over audio equipment is paramount to user experience and safety. Some manufacturers of cement boards claim that the high mass of cement boards implies that they are better suited to acoustic control. However, the specific acoustic requirements in airport buildings can be achieved by specifying a roof assembly with lighter mat-faced gypsum core cover boards . In this blog, we will look at these two types of roof cover boards specifically.

Roof or cover boards, when installed in their relevant positions within a roof assembly will each help improve the acoustic performance of the airport roof differently. Positioned as roof boards directly on a steel or timber roof deck, they can reduce noise transmission through a roof. To help with acoustic absorption, cover boards are often installed over the insulation layer.

The exact design of the airport roof build-up and placement of the mat-faced gypsum board will reflect the project’s specific acoustic requirements. It is not uncommon for the boards to be installed in both positions. Acoustic testing can confirm that the roof build-up satisfies the design requirements.

Can roof cover boards impact airport roof fire resistance?

Cement, gypsum and fibreglass are typically classified as non-combustible materials. This means that both cement and mat-faced gypsum core cover boards have the potential to contribute to the fire resistance of a roof build-up. The chemical makeup of gypsum makes it highly effective for this role.

When gypsum is exposed to high temperatures, the surface releases steam as the chemically combined water in the core is released. Heat transmission is naturally resisted until this slow process, known as calcination, is complete .

Although most cement and mat-faced gypsum boards are fire rated to EN 13501-1 class A, this should be verified against the manufacturer’s technical documentation. We should also keep in mind that FM Approval has its own fire performance approval testing.

What is the impact of roof cover board on the weather resistance of an airport roof?

In recent years, the increased frequency and force of adverse weather instances in the UK, and Europe, indicate a long-term trend of storms tracking towards this area. Specification of gypsum core and cementitious roof cover boards is increasing as the construction industry looks to mitigate the risk of damage to flat and low slope roofs from such events.

Both types of cover boards are homogenous substrates capable of providing a robust fixing platform for a variety of mechanically fixed and adhered roof coverings. This strong platform can increase the wind uplift resistance of airport flat roof build-ups. Some cover boards have been tested in this area and figures are available from respective manufacturers. Alternatively, FM Approval’s RoofNav database contains over a million assemblies with roof uplift ratings.

Some gypsum core cover boards can also offer increased resistance to hail strikes and flying debris for single ply roof coverings. When correctly installed, these roof cover boards can help improve the moisture resistance of the entire roof build-up.

Roof cover boards and maintenance/lifetime cost of an airport roof

Gypsum core and cementitious cover boards also provide a strong, flat and stable surface to which various types of roof coverings for airport roofs can be adhered or mechanically fixed.

Both types of cover boards help remove any irregularities other substrates may have, resulting in a more aesthetically pleasing finish for adhered membranes. The inclusion of mat facers promotes a more homogenous spread of adhesives to help ensure a strong bond with the roof membrane. Fibreglass mat facers can also increase material compatibility and help prevent blistering of roof membranes.

The even surface of these cover boards forms a platform that can help improve the resistance of the waterproofing membrane to accidental penetration that would allow moisture into the build-up, damaging the insulation layer. As a result, the potential repair requirements for this type of roof can be reduced and its life cycle extended.

If the insulation layer within the airport roof build-up becomes compressed, indentions can form. This can lead to water accumulation that can sit in these ‘ponds’. If a roof suffers from ponding, the membrane can come under increased attack from UV etc., as the standing water ‘amplifies’ the sun. Cover boards can help prevent this by helping protect the insulation layer from compression.

Roof cover boards supporting airport roof access

The high compressive strength of cementitious and gypsum core cover boards means they can make installing an airport roof system easier and faster. This is especially the case with metal standing seam roof systems and roof construction that includes roof membranes with a large amount of detailing.

Whilst both types of cover boards have excellent compressive strength and can withstand static and dynamic loads, excessively heavy loads and frequent and heavy foot traffic can cause the board to fracture. The boards are ideal for strengthening the roof build-up and reducing stress on some types of waterproofing membrane caused by heavy equipment such as heating, cooling and ventilation (HVAC) plant or risk related to the installation of solar panels on roofs.

The cover board also helps to protect the often most expensive roof build-up component, the insulation layer, from compression that could compromise its performance. This makes roof access less of a concern. The cover board can also help protect single-ply roofing membranes from punctures caused by accidentally dropped tools or flying debris.

DensDeck roof cover boards and airport roof performance

DensDeckĀ® is a brand of high-performance roof cover boards. The glass mat faced gypsum core roof cover boards are designed to address the specific challenges of commercial structures in various mission critical sectors and infrastructure projects such as passenger airports, cargo facilities and airbases worldwide.

To learn more about the role roof cover boards play in the specification of the roof build-up in airport buildings, you can download our ‘Airport roof design’ white paper or contact one of our team who will be happy to help.

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